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Menstrual Cycle MeSH Descriptor Data 2023

MeSH Heading
Menstrual Cycle
Tree Number(s)
Unique ID
RDF Unique Identifier
human & other primates only; for non-primates use ESTROUS CYCLE; do not confuse with MENSTRUATION
Scope Note
The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.
Entry Term(s)
Endometrial Cycle
Ovarian Cycle
NLM Classification #
WP 540
Previous Indexing
Menstruation (1966-1984)
See Also
Estrous Cycle
Public MeSH Note
History Note
Date Established
Date of Entry
Revision Date
Menstrual Cycle Preferred
Endometrial Cycle Narrower
Ovarian Cycle Narrower
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