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Peritoneum MeSH Descriptor Data 2023


MeSH Heading
Peritoneum
Tree Number(s)
A01.923.047.025.600
A10.615.789.596
Unique ID
D010537
RDF Unique Identifier
http://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D010537
Annotation
do not confuse with PERITONEAL CAVITY; "peritoneal cells" = probably PERITONEAL CAVITY/cytol or PERITONEAL FLUID (see ASCITIC FLUID)/pathol but not PERITONEUM/cytol; inflammation = PERITONITIS; PERITONEAL LAVAGE is available
Scope Note
A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.
Entry Term(s)
Parametrium
Parietal Peritoneum
Peritoneum, Parietal
Peritoneum, Visceral
Visceral Peritoneum
NLM Classification #
WI 575
See Also
Ascitic Fluid
Laparoscopy
Date Established
1966/01/01
Date of Entry
1999/01/01
Revision Date
2016/05/31
Peritoneum Preferred
Peritoneum, Visceral Narrower
Parametrium Narrower
Peritoneum, Parietal Narrower
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