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Scleritis MeSH Descriptor Data 2023


MeSH Heading
Scleritis
Tree Number(s)
C11.790.500
Unique ID
D015423
RDF Unique Identifier
http://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D015423
Annotation
note entry term EPISCLERITIS
Scope Note
Refers to any inflammation of the sclera including episcleritis, a benign condition affecting only the episclera, which is generally short-lived and easily treated. Classic scleritis, on the other hand, affects deeper tissue and is characterized by higher rates of visual acuity loss and even mortality, particularly in necrotizing form. Its characteristic symptom is severe and general head pain. Scleritis has also been associated with systemic collagen disease. Etiology is unknown but is thought to involve a local immune response. Treatment is difficult and includes administration of anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agents such as corticosteroids. Inflammation of the sclera may also be secondary to inflammation of adjacent tissues, such as the conjunctiva.
Entry Term(s)
Episcleritis
Necrotizing Scleritis
Previous Indexing
Inflammation (1966-1988)
Sclera (1966-1988)
Public MeSH Note
89
History Note
89
Date Established
1989/01/01
Date of Entry
1988/06/07
Revision Date
1993/06/03
Scleritis Preferred
Episcleritis Related
Necrotizing Scleritis Narrower
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