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Microglia MeSH Descriptor Data 2023


MeSH Heading
Microglia
Tree Number(s)
A08.637.400
A11.650.400
Unique ID
D017628
RDF Unique Identifier
http://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D017628
Scope Note
The third type of glial cell, along with astrocytes and oligodendrocytes (which together form the macroglia). Microglia vary in appearance depending on developmental stage, functional state, and anatomical location; subtype terms include ramified, perivascular, ameboid, resting, and activated. Microglia clearly are capable of phagocytosis and play an important role in a wide spectrum of neuropathologies. They have also been suggested to act in several other roles including in secretion (e.g., of cytokines and neural growth factors), in immunological processing (e.g., antigen presentation), and in central nervous system development and remodeling.
Entry Term(s)
Microglial Cell
Previous Indexing
Neuroglia (1966-1993)
Public MeSH Note
94
History Note
94
Date Established
1994/01/01
Date of Entry
1993/06/18
Revision Date
2020/01/16
Microglia Preferred
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