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Falkland Islands MeSH Descriptor Data 2023

MeSH Heading
Falkland Islands
Tree Number(s)
Unique ID
RDF Unique Identifier
a Brit colony in the Atlantic Islands
Scope Note
A British colony in the Atlantic Islands, comprising two principal islands, East Falkland and West Falkland. Its capital is Stanley. Discovered in 1592, it was not occupied until the French settled there briefly in 1764. Later the English settled there but were expelled by the Spanish in 1770. The Falklands were claimed by Argentina but were occupied in 1833 by the British who, after an April 1982 invasion by Argentina, regained them in June. The islands were named by British Captain John Strong in 1690 for the fifth Viscount Falkland who financed Strong's expedition. The Spanish name for the islands, Malvinas, is from the French Malouins, inhabitants of St. Malo who attempted to colonize the islands in 1764. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p389 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p182)
Entry Term(s)
Previous Indexing
Atlantic Islands (1982-1996)
History Note
Date Established
Date of Entry
Revision Date
Falkland Islands Preferred
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