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Sleep Apnea, Obstructive MeSH Descriptor Data 2023

MeSH Heading
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
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Scope Note
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
Entry Term(s)
Apnea, Obstructive Sleep
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome
Sleep Apnea Syndrome, Obstructive
Syndrome, Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Syndrome, Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
Syndrome, Upper Airway Resistance, Sleep Apnea
Upper Airway Resistance Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Previous Indexing
Apnea (1966-1979)
Sleep (1966-1979)
Sleep Apnea Syndromes (1980-1999)
Public MeSH Note
History Note
Date Established
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Sleep Apnea, Obstructive Preferred
Upper Airway Resistance Sleep Apnea Syndrome Related
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