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Piper nigrum MeSH Descriptor Data 2023

MeSH Heading
Piper nigrum
Tree Number(s)
Unique ID
RDF Unique Identifier
see entry terms at CAPSICUM for other types of pepper
Scope Note
A plant species in the PIPERACEAE plant family. It is a common spice on foods and is used medicinally to increase gastrointestinal assimilation of other supplements and drugs. Piperine is a key component. Black pepper is picked unripe and heaped for a few days to ferment. White Pepper is the ripe fruit dehulled by maceration in water.
Entry Term(s)
Black Pepper
White Pepper
Registry Number
Public MeSH Note
2002; for BLACK PEPPER see BLACK PEPPER 2001-2015; for WHITE PEPPER see SPICES 1998-2001
History Note
2002; for BLACK PEPPER use SPICES 1993-2001; for WHITE PEPPER use SPICES 1998-2001
Date Established
Date of Entry
Revision Date
Piper nigrum Preferred
Black Pepper Narrower
White Pepper Narrower
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