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Theobromine MeSH Descriptor Data 2022


MeSH Heading
Theobromine
Tree Number(s)
D03.132.960.651
D03.633.100.759.758.824.651
Unique ID
D013805
RDF Unique Identifier
http://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D013805
Annotation
a bronchodilator & vasodilator alkaloid
Scope Note
3,7-Dimethylxanthine. The principle alkaloid in Theobroma cacao (the cacao bean) and other plants. A xanthine alkaloid that is used as a bronchodilator and as a vasodilator. It has a weaker diuretic activity than THEOPHYLLINE and is also a less powerful stimulant of smooth muscle. It has practically no stimulant effect on the central nervous system. It was formerly used as a diuretic and in the treatment of angina pectoris and hypertension. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, pp1318-9)
Pharm Action
Bronchodilator Agents
Vasodilator Agents
Registry Number
OBD445WZ5P
Related Numbers
83-67-0
CAS Type 1 Name
1H-Purine-2,6-dione, 3,7-dihydro-3,7-dimethyl-
NLM Classification #
QV 107
Date Established
1966/01/01
Date of Entry
1999/01/01
Revision Date
2016/06/01
Theobromine Preferred
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