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Poliomyelitis MeSH Descriptor Data 2021


MeSH Heading
Poliomyelitis
Tree Number(s)
C01.207.618.750
C01.925.782.687.359.764
C10.228.228.618.750
C10.228.854.525.850
C10.668.864
Unique ID
D011051
RDF Unique Identifier
http://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D011051
Scope Note
An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)
Entry Term(s)
Encephalitis, Polio
Epidemic Acute Poliomyelitis
Infantile Paralysis
Polio
Polio Encephalitis
Poliomyelitis Infection
Poliomyelitis, Acute
Poliomyelitis, Nonpoliovirus
Poliomyelitis, Preparalytic
See Also
Postpoliomyelitis Syndrome
Date Established
1966/01/01
Date of Entry
1999/01/01
Revision Date
2019/06/17
Poliomyelitis Preferred
Poliomyelitis, Preparalytic Narrower
Poliomyelitis, Nonpoliovirus Related
Encephalitis, Polio Narrower
Infantile Paralysis Related
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